According to Texas Ready, there are three things that everyone should do to prepare for a disaster: be informed, make a plan, and build a kit.
Be informed: Research what disasters are more frequent in the area you live in and learn about the common effects that cause them. Consider both man–made and natural disasters. Stay up-to-date on the weather and be informed about the risks in your community, such as industrial plants or transport routes for hazardous materials.
Make a plan: Disasters often come without much warning. Plan ahead of time to have a way to communicate with family and close friends when disaster strikes. Do not wait until a disaster happens to make a plan. Making a plan includes deciding what you will do before, during, and after a disaster, as well as preparing for emotional and mental impacts.
Build a kit: Create a kit that includes necessities for your family, friends, and pets. Every kit should include food, water, and medical supplies, and they should be packed in a portable container. Make an inventory list of your kit items that you may need to bring last minute, such as medications, documentations, or a cane.